It seems so simple yet it’s so not simple.
There’s a lot that can separate a good job aid from a great job aid. Then there’s an ocean of poor or mediocre job aids that litter the learning & development field and beyond.
Those are typically (but not always) user-generated job aids that are some disjointed steps put together in a basic Word document. I say disjointed because they often are, the steps don’t flow, and parts are missing because assumptions were made or expertise got in the way of documenting every step.
Job aids can be a powerful resource for employees in the workplace. They’re a form of performance support which is the most forgotten yet useful form of training.
More formal forms of training such as eLearning and classes can only take employees so far. It’s easy for employees to forget important information unless they perform tasks immediately and regularly.
Creating a job aid is often the best solution for tasks employees must perform irregularly. You’ll find one of the best methods (even better than spaced repetition) of combatting the forgetting curve is to train with formal training only for tasks that will be used immediately and regularly and everything else should be performance support.
A job aid is a powerful tool that can simplify complex procedures, provide step-by-step instructions, and serve employees when and where they need it. It does all of this while only serving the necessary information in singular tasks (which would make it a form of microlearning) without a bunch of fluff.
But how do you create a job aid that truly captures only the essential details and is useful to employees?
This post explores the art of creating a job aid with 10 invaluable tips to help you master the craft.
Creating a job aid is not just about listing instructions on a piece of paper. It requires careful thought, organization, and an understanding of your audience’s needs.
Whether you’re an experienced trainer or new to the concept of job aids, these tips will help you create the best possible job aid that’s helpful, user-friendly, and effective.
From selecting the right format to incorporating visuals and interactive elements, we’ll cover every aspect of creating a job aid that is so amazing employees don’t even have to think about it again.
10 Tips For Creating A Masterful Job Aid
These 10 helpful tips will equip you with the tools and techniques you need to create a job aid that drives results.
These tips are a start but true perfection of the art and science of job aids will come with practice. Keep at it and you’ll achieve ninja status of job aid creation.
Just don’t be under the illusion that they’re simple and take little to no time. Anybody who thinks that is an amateur and doesn’t know the real craft that goes into it. While job aids are a lot quicker and cheaper than many forms of training, to truly get it right takes time.
It all starts with making sure you understand the purpose of the audience first.
Understanding the Purpose
Job aids serve a specific purpose in the workplace. Before diving into the process of creating one, it’s important to understand why a job aid is necessary. That means you need to know what specific single task it’s supposed to achieve.
It acts as a quick reference guide that employees can turn to whenever they need guidance or clarification. That means it needs to be to the point and easy to follow and skim. That is also one benefit job aids have over videos for training. Videos aren’t nearly as skimmable as a job aid is.
It’s important to have one single purpose per job aid. If another task needs to be covered then another job aid should be created. That’s the beauty of job aids, they’re relatively quick and easy to create which means it’s easier to spin up a new job aid quickly.
They’re meant to be searched for and used only when employees need them, not as a long-term learning tool. Of course, they can be an excellent long-term learning tool (keep using the job aid until the task is memorized) that’s not their purpose.
A well-designed job aid ensures that important information is always accessible, reducing the need for training and repeated training. If you get the purpose simplified enough and isolated to one task enough then you’re off to a good start.
Identifying the Target Audience
Along with having a firm grasp on the purpose of the job aid, it’s essential to identify your target audience. Understanding their needs and skill levels will help you tailor the content and format of your job aid accordingly.
This is one of the biggest downfalls of amateur job aids. Those who create them often underestimate the base knowledge of their audience. Not everything is obvious to them which means if a step is skipped or too vague then the job aid ends up being more confusing than helpful.
Consider factors such as the level of expertise required, language proficiency, and familiarity with technology. For example, if your target audience consists of frontline workers who may not have access to computers or smartphones during their tasks, a printed job aid might be more suitable than an online interactive tool.
You’re not going to put a job aid (or quick reference guide) for how to create the perfect burger at McDonald’s on a tablet. That’s not too helpful if it’s not always available with zero obstacles to access it.
By considering your audience’s characteristics and requirements, you can ensure that your job aid is user-friendly and meets their specific needs.
Selecting the Right Format
Job aids come in various formats, each with its advantages and limitations. Choosing the right format depends on factors such as the complexity of the task, accessibility requirements, and available resources.
Some common formats include:
- Printed Guides: These are physical documents that can be easily referenced on paper.
- Digital Documents: PDFs or Word documents that can be accessed electronically. These have the added benefit of being able to be printed if necessary.
- Interactive Online Tools: Web-based platforms that allow users to interact with the content. An app that has a checklist for what needs to be done to complete a task is a job aid.
- Knowledge-Base Article: These are similar to a digital document but built right into a website or knowledge-base platform.
- Videos: Yes, even videos are a form of job aid. They can be referenced quickly to accomplish a specific task. They can walk employees through the steps of a task.
Consider the nature of the task and the capability of your target audience when selecting the format for your job aid. It’s also important to ensure that the chosen format is compatible with the devices and systems used by your employees.
It wouldn’t be useful to provide a PDF job aid on a company intranet if the employees meant to use it don’t have a computer or mobile device to access it.
Organize Information Effectively
The organization of information within a job aid is crucial for its usability and effectiveness. A well-structured job aid should be easy to scan, with clear headings, subheadings, and sections. But not too many of each of those because if you simplify it to just one task then there’s not as much need for a lot of headings and such.
One part that’s helpful for the organization is to always start with a good description that tells employees exactly who the job aid is for and what it will help them accomplish. Then employees are less likely to need to look through it to figure that out.
Start by identifying the key steps or procedures involved in completing a task. Break down complex processes into smaller, manageable chunks. If you have too many chunks that start to venture out of a single and simple task, think about breaking the job aid into more than one.
Use bullet points or numbered lists to present information in a concise and structured manner. Consider using tables or flowcharts to illustrate relationships between different steps or decision points if a task is complex. This visual representation can help users understand complex processes more easily.
Writing Clear and Concise Instructions
Clear and concise instructions are essential for an effective job aid. Use simple language that is easy to understand, avoiding jargon or technical terms whenever possible. If necessary consider providing a description.
Start each instruction with an action verb to clearly indicate what needs to be done. For example, instead of saying “The next step is to,” simply say “Click on.”
Use short sentences and avoid unnecessary details or explanations. Focus on providing only the essential information needed to complete each step successfully. If that requires three words so bet it. Don’t try to add more when it’s not necessary.
Incorporate Visuals for Enhanced Understanding
Visual elements can enhance the usability of a job aid by providing additional context and clarity. If a message can be said with visuals better than text, go with the visuals instead.
Consider incorporating relevant images, diagrams, or screenshots that visually represent key concepts or steps. Visuals can help users understand complex information quicker and easier than text alone.
Ensure that any visuals you include are clear, high-quality, and relevant to the content they support. Avoid cluttering the job aid with excessive visuals that may distract or confuse users and serve no purpose.
Add Interactive Elements for Engagement
This one won’t be relevant to all job aids but when it works then it can add a lot of value. Interactive elements can make it easier for employees to accomplish a task without having to risk missing an important step.
Depending on the format of your job aid, you can incorporate features such as checklists or decision trees. If you have the resources to get complex then AR (augmented reality) might be a great opportunity for interactivity.
Imagine employees while doing a job can see the proper way of doing it right in their real environment. I’ve seen that done with wiring diagrams for electricians but it could be done in many different ways.
Not all job aids need to be a PDF, paper, or knowledge-based article.
Interactive job aids are particularly effective for tasks that require hands-on practice or decision-making. They provide opportunities for users to apply their knowledge in a safe and controlled environment.
Test and Refine
Before finalizing your job aid, it’s crucial to test it with a representative sample of your target audience. This allows you to gather feedback and identify any areas that may need improvement.
Even if you’re the expert or working with an expert not everything always goes to plan.
Observe how employees interact with the job aid and ask for their input on its usability, clarity, and effectiveness. Use this feedback to refine the content, format, or design of your job aid as necessary.
Many knowledge-base platforms have feedback mechanisms built right in. Employees can rate a job aid or leave feedback too. Make sure you have a process in place to gather that information and make changes accordingly.
Continuous testing and refinement ensure that your job aid remains relevant and useful over time. As processes or technologies evolve, update your job aid accordingly to reflect these changes accurately.
Feedback from employees is invaluable in improving the quality of your job aid. Actively seek input from employees who use the job aid regularly to identify areas for improvement or additional content that may be beneficial.
After you’ve created the job aid, ask someone who hasn’t performed the task before to use it while you observe. Don’t talk, don’t interrupt, just observe and take notes. You’ll learn a lot.
Regularly review feedback and make necessary updates based on suggestions.
Ensure Accessibility and Compatibility
Accessibility is an important consideration when creating a job aid. Ensure that all employees can access and use the tool regardless of any physical or cognitive limitations they may have.
Consider factors such as font size, color contrast, and screen reader compatibility for digital job aids. For printed job aids, use legible fonts and appropriate font sizes. Microsoft has lots of tools that make it easy to make Word documents (and by extension PDF) more accessible.
There are a lot more considerations when making content accessible, though, so make sure you brush up on how to make training content accessible.
Compatibility with different devices and systems is also crucial. Test your job aid on various platforms, browsers, or operating systems to ensure that it functions correctly and displays properly. That’s especially relevant for interactive job aids as well as knowledge-base article job aids.
Creating a job aid is an art that requires careful thought, planning, and consideration of your audience’s needs. By following these 10 helpful tips, you can create a job aid that is task-oriented and effective in simplifying complex tasks for employees.
- Start with a firm understanding of the purpose first.
- Identify your target audience.
- Select the right format for your job aid based on employee needs and the content.
- Organize information effectively using clear and concise instructions.
- Incorporate visuals and interactive elements to enhance understanding and engagement.
- Test your job aid with employees.
- Gather feedback.
- Continuously refine it based on input.
- Implement feedback to improve the quality of your job aid over time.
- Ensure accessibility and compatibility to make the job aid usable for all.
By mastering the art of creating a job aid, you can revolutionize the way you impart valuable task-based help in the workplace. Empower employees with a valuable tool that simplifies tasks, enhances productivity, and drives results.
Schedule a free consultation if you would like to improve your job aids or the process for creating them. Our instructional design consultants would love to work with you in perfecting your organization’s job aids.